There are many different components to research computing. But, the basics for a typical use include:
- Connecting to a remote system (usually from the command line)
- Interacting with the remote system's operating system (usually Linux)
- Submitting computational jobs to the resource manager on the remote system.
Information on these topics are covered in http://q-aps.princeton.edu/q-aps/book/intro-della-basic-hpc-princeton-un... .
The basic Linux introduction linked to from the previous materials is http://helpdesk.princeton.edu/kb/display.plx?ID=9660.
Setup of your Della or Tukey environment for R-based HPC and example jobs of mostly R-based HPC can be found at https://github.com/olmjo/tigress-scripts.